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Within the digital game world, economic simulations – especially urban planning games – have always filled a niche position, albeit with a long tradition and enthusiastic fan base. Games like “City Life” let players take control of urban development in a virtual environment, allowing them in the mixed role of a (dictatorial) mayor and urban planner to form territory, build infrastructure, zone land for different uses, and place public buildings, among other things. To be successful, they must react to the demands of their population, keep the financial budget stable, and spur economic growth. Technically, these simulations are often forms of cellular automata with additional agent-based elements (Devisch 2008). A number of thematically specialised simulations on urban aspects such as transport have also emerged. Unlike many other digital games however, urban development simulations often have no defined end-goal. “The player decides what kind of city to build—whether to emphasise its size, wealth, beauty or harmony with the environment” (Starr 1994: 23).
Repetitive Surface Structures is a research studio held annually at the Chair of Structural Design. We are searching for methods to simplify the construction of double curved surfaces. Through physical and computational experiments we demonstrate new possibilities for an intelligent symbiosis of form, structure and fabrication. Our current research investigates three specific types of curve networks: Asymptotic Lines, Geodesic Lines and Principle Curvature Lines. Each of these networks has the property of omitting a certain curvature type. This has great benefits for fabrication and assembly.
Climate change will be manifested in cities and elsewhere in a variety of direct and subtle ways, e.g., by more extreme and adverse type weather events, such as heat waves, flooding and extreme discomfort conditions. Among many factors that determine the quality of outdoor spaces, the outdoor microclimate is an important issue. Besides the climate change issues, increasing urban population determines a densification of cities with an increasing need of resources.